以a-開頭的形容詞用法新探

以a-開頭的形容詞用法新探 • aground

本站特約作者 李翔

一、aground 的用法

■基本義:(指船)擱淺 (of ships) touching the bottom in shallow water

■作表語。例如:

The tanker was / went / ran aground. 油船擱淺了。

We were winning the boat race until our boat went aground (on an sand bank). 我們快要贏得這次賽艇比賽時,突然我們的船擱淺了。

When it ran aground, they lost heart. 當戰爭遇到挫折時,他們就失去了信心。

■作賓語補足語。例如:

However, one of them woke sooner than the other, finding the boat too fast aground for him to stir it.后來,兩個人中的一個比另外一個先醒過來,看見小船已經擱了淺,推又推不動。

■作后置定語 例如:

a ship aground offshore 在岸邊擱淺的輪船

二、aground 的搭配

be / get / go / run aground (船)擱淺, 觸礁; 受阻

Their plans for building a dormitory have run aground as they are short of money. 因為資金短缺,他們建一座宿舍的計劃擱淺了。

Oil is gushing from the tanker which ran aground on the reef. 原油正不斷地從那條觸礁的油船里涌出來。

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